What happens with anemia that makes health so bad? The answer is – iron deficiency in the body. Red blood cells or hemoglobin in our blood, It’s a form of iron. In addition, the red color of blood is also due to iron. When we eat a diet rich in iron, the body’s metabolism converts it into hemoglobin, which makes red blood cells. oxygen in the lungs, It travels throughout the body through these red blood cells.
In our country, the problem that women face the most in terms of health is anemia, that is, anemia. Its prevalence can be gauged from the fact that approximately 10 million cases of anemia are reported in India each year.
Usually, malnutrition and genetic reasons cause iron deficiency in the body and blood, but a major cause of anemia in women is menstruation, childbirth, blood loss from surgery, and endometriosis. In some women, hormonal changes during menstruation due to the growth of endometrial tissue in the reproductive system can result in a longer period of menstruation, leading to blood loss in their bodies.
What is the effect on the body?
Often one must have seen that in some women the complexion tends towards yellow, hands and feet are cold and nails break with slight pressure. These are common symptoms of anemia in the body. If they are accompanied by weakness, fatigue, headaches, constipation, and trouble concentrating, then they are anemic. For some women, symptoms of anemia include swelling, redness, and pain in the tongue. Ignoring these symptoms can worsen anemia, which is blood in the body, causing blood clotting, high or low blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, and chest pain. If left untreated now, the heart enlargement increases the likelihood of a heart attack because the heart has to constantly pump a lot of blood to make up for the lack of oxygen in the body. Sometimes anemia also affects the eyes, where retinal hyroxia means the pupils dilate due to decreased blood supply to the eyes and can lead to a dangerous condition like retinal edema.
Why is there anemia?
It was about the effects of anemia on health, now the question is what happens in anemia that makes health so bad? The answer is – iron deficiency in the body.
Red blood cells, or hemoglobin, present in our blood are a form of iron. In addition, the red color of blood is also due to iron. When we eat a diet rich in iron, the body’s metabolism converts it into hemoglobin, which makes red blood cells. The oxygen present in the lungs travels throughout the body via these red blood cells. When the number of red blood cells in the blood falls below the required limit, health begins to deteriorate due to a lack of oxygen in the body.
You must be thinking why do red blood cells in the blood decrease? The answer is to upset the balance of red blood cell formation and destruction in the body. This balance is disrupted when the rate of new cell formation slows, but old cells are destroyed at their normal rate. Because the lifespan of red blood cells is only 100 to 120 days. The main reason for the slow growth of new cells is the lack of iron, vitamin B-12, vitamin C and folic acid in the diet or low thyroid hormone levels. In some cases, the lack of erythroprotein in the body also reduces the speed of their formation, but this happens when there is a defect or infection in the kidney.
How is the lack of blood in the body confirmed?
To confirm the lack of blood in the body, that is, anemia, the level of hemoglobin in the blood is checked. According to medical science, hemoglobin levels should be 12 to 15.5 grams per deciliter in women and 13.5 to 17.5 grams per deciliter in men. Some blood tests are done to find out the levels of hemoglobin and iron in the blood, such as: B. A complete blood count, ie a complete blood count, serum iron levels, ferritin, vitamin B-12 and folic acid.
In the severe state of anemia, the leakage of blood in the stool is checked. So that one can know that there is no bleeding in the digestive tract. If there is blood in the stool due to stomach ulcers, ulcerative colitis and colon cancer, then there is also anemia.
What is the treatment for anemia in the body?
Now that the anemia is confirmed, let’s talk about its treatment. At the initial stage, treatment is very simple, you can get rid of it only by correcting the diet, but some people worsen their health, falling into the trap of quacks and quacks. There have been many instances where sacrificial doctors misled patients with aplastic anemia, sickle cell anemia, and thalassemia as blood cancers. Remember that all blood cancer patients are anemic, but not every anemic person has blood cancer.
In most cases, anemia is caused by a lack of dietary iron, vitamin B-12, vitamin C, and folic acid. It is gradually cured by eating nutritious, especially green leafy vegetables. Treatment usually involves the use of iron and multivitamin supplements. Only in severe cases are erythroprotein hormone injections given, which increase red blood cell production in the body. If the cause of the anemia is the lack of thyroid hormone in the body, then get it treated immediately, otherwise other health problems will appear.
Eliminate blood loss with food
According to World Health Organization guidelines, women between the ages of 18 and 45 should take 18 mg of iron daily to avoid anemia. This amount is 27 mg for pregnant women and 19 mg for breastfeeding women. Whereas men between the ages of 19 and 50 only need 8 mg of iron per day.
To avoid anemia, vegetarian women include green leafy vegetables, broccoli, tomatoes, beets, carrots, green peas, soybeans, legumes, beans, oatmeal, peanuts, kidney beans, black beans, tofu, and paneer in their diet.
Among the fruits, apples, oranges, seasonal fruits, pomegranate and guava are helpful in recovering from anemia. Almonds, raisins, chuhara, chironji, chilgoza are rich in iron in dried fruit. If there is no sugar, then regular consumption of raisins and dates will quickly eliminate iron deficiency, but in the case of diabetes only after consulting a doctor. Today, seeds are a trend in modern nutrition. In such a situation, eating pumpkin seeds, flax seeds, seiya seeds, and sesame seeds is beneficial for anemia. Apart from that, non-vegetarian women can include red meat, fish, chicken and eggs in their diet.
Keep in mind that most cases, with the exception of genetic anemia, are completely curable with a nutritious diet and treatment. Take multivitamin supplements only on the advice of a qualified healthcare practitioner, exercise regularly, and yes, refrain from smoking and alcohol while on treatment.