Nobel Prize 2022: The winners in Medicine, Physics and Chemistry

Everyone wants to be famous in the world for their extraordinary work. The Nobel Prize offers opportunities to do this. It is awarded in the six categories of medicine, physics, chemistry, economics, literature and peace work.

The 2022 Nobel Prize will receive more media coverage because two Indians are on the top list for the Nobel Peace Prize. According to TIME magazine, fact-checking news portal AltNews co-founders Mohammed Zubair and Pratik Sinha are among the favorites to win the 2022 Peace Prize.

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The Nobel Prize was awarded for the three categories of medicine, physiology, physics and chemistry. Swedish geneticist Svante Paobo received the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his discoveries on the genomes of extinct hominins and human evolution. He has created a new field for studying ancient DNA and has also identified populations at higher risk of disease. In 1999 he founded the Max Plank Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, where he is still active.

The Nobel Committee announced the Nobel Prize in Physics for three scientists – Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. They all worked in the field of quantum technology.

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According to the Nobel Committee, the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded for entangled photon experiments that demonstrate the violation of Bell’s inequalities and pioneered quantum information science.

It states that the 2022 Physics Nobel Laureates performed groundbreaking experiments involving entangled quantum states, in which two particles behave as one, even when separated. The results have paved the way for new technologies based on quantum information.

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The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is shared by Carolyn R. Bertozzi, Morten Medal, and K. Barry Sharpless for the development of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry.

Barry Sharpless is just the fifth person to win two Nobel Prizes. In 2001 he was awarded the Chemistry Prize. He follows in the footsteps of two-time Nobel Prize winners John Bardeen, Marie Skłodowska Curie, Linus Pauling and Frederick Sanger.

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